For example, if you have a chart of sales over time, you can use a filter pane to limit the data in the chart to only show sales from a selected time period, from certain product categories, and from a certain region.
When a dimension is added, it is placed to the right of the previous dimensions, or below, depending on the available space. As long as there is enough space, the dimensions are displayed as expanded lists. If there is not enough space, the dimensions that were added first are turned into filter panes.
When to use it
With filter panes, you can easily make several selections to define your data set exactly like you want it. With your well-defined data set, you can explore data of particular interest.
By using the selection menu options in the filter panes (select possible, select alternative, and select excluded), you can make adjustments to the data set and compare the results with the previous selection.
Filter panes are good for making selections and defining data sets. But they also show the relationship between different values, the associations. The green, white, and gray colors reflect the data associations that exist - and that do not exist. And by analyzing those associations, you can make new discoveries, for example, that a sales representative has too many customers, or that a region lacks a sales representative.
When the dimensions contain a very large amount of values, it may be hard to manage the data.
Selections in filter panes
During analysis, you make selections in a filter pane listbox. Click a collapsed filter pane dimension to open a selection listbox.
When you make a selection, it is reflected in the small bars at the bottom of each filter pane dimension. Four states can be displayed in the bars: selected (green), possible (white), alternative (light gray), and excluded (dark gray). Locked values are indicated by a lock icon. The details of the selections are displayed in the selections bar, above the sheet. You can click an item to see the details and change your selection.
You can customize the selection behavior for each individual listbox in a filter pane. For more information, see Changing selection behavior.
Making selections in filter pane lists
When there is space enough in a filter pane, the dimension values are displayed in a listbox. In listboxes, you can click to select a single value or draw to select several values. On a touch device, you can two-finger-tap in the listbox to select a range of values.
The selections tool
The selections tool offers an option to get an overview of the fields and dimensions in an app. In the selections tool you can make selections in all the fields and dimensions in the app, regardless of whether they are used in the app or not.
During analysis, click to open selections view.
The filter pane has a responsive design and renders as many dimensions as possible. When space is limited, this could involve reducing the size of each dimension so that all dimensions are displayed.
The following image shows a filter pane while it is being edited. Only three out of five dimensions are displayed. There is an additional item below the displayed dimensions. When this is clicked, the remaining dimensions are listed.
When you have finished editing the filter pane and enter analysis mode, you will see the filter pane with all the dimensions displayed. If all items cannot be shown due to lack of space, click below the displayed dimensions to view the remaining dimensions.
Full screen view
In full screen view, the filter pane is maximized and displays as many dimensions as possible expanded. When not all dimensions can be displayed expanded, the priority order is that the most recently added dimensions are expanded to the right. You can change the priority order in the properties panel, under Dimensions. Drag the dimensions to change the order.
You can use your keyboard to navigate a filter pane. Use the arrow keys or the Tab key to alternate between the different objects on the sheet. Once you have moved the focus to the filter pane, use the Enter, Space and Esc keys to move the focus between the following levels:
Entire filter pane
Listboxes inside the filter pane
Values inside each listbox
|Space or Enter||
Moves focus to the first listbox in the filter pane. Another key press brings the focus to the first value inside that listbox.
If the focus is on a collapsed listbox, press Enter to open the listbox in a pop-over.
|Esc||Moves focus back one level (from the values to the listbox to the filter pane object).|
If the focus is on an individual listbox within the filter pane, the right arrow key moves the focus to the next listbox on the right.
If the focus is on a value inside a listbox, the right arrow key moves to the next value in the listbox.
If the focus is on an individual listbox within the filter pane, the left arrow key moves the focus to the next listbox on the left.
If the focus is on a value inside a listbox, the left arrow keymoves to the previous value in the listbox.
If the focus is on an individual listbox within the filter pane, the up arrow key moves the focus to the previous listbox (to the left, or above, the current listbox).
If the focus is on a value inside a listbox, the up arrow key moves to the previous value in the listbox.
If the focus is on an individual listbox within the filter pane, the down arrow key moves the focus to the next listbox (to the right, or below, the current listbox).
If the focus is on a value inside a listbox, the down arrow key moves to the next value in the listbox.
For more information about keyboard navigation, see Keyboard navigation and shortcuts in apps.