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Below - chart function

Below() evaluates an expression at a row below the current row within a column segment in a table. The row for which it is calculated depends on the value of offset, if present, the default being the row directly below. For charts other than tables, Below() evaluates for the row below the current column in the chart's straight table equivalent.


Below([TOTAL] expr [ , offset [,count ]])

Return data type: dual


Argument Description
expr The expression or field containing the data to be measured.

Specifying an offsetn, greater than 1 moves the evaluation of the expression n rows further down from the current row.

Specifying an offset of 0 will evaluate the expression on the current row.

Specifying a negative offset number makes the Below function work like the Above function with the corresponding positive offset number.


By specifying a third parameter count greater than 1, the function will return a range of count values, one for each of count table rows counting downwards from the original cell. In this form, the function can be used as an argument to any of the special range functions. Range functions


If the table is one-dimensional or if the qualifier TOTAL is used as argument, the current column segment is always equal to the entire column.

Defining the aggregation scope

On the last row of a column segment, a NULL value is returned, as there is no row below it.

Information noteA column segment is defined as a consecutive subset of cells having the same values for the dimensions in the current sort order. Inter-record chart functions are computed in the column segment excluding the right-most dimension in the equivalent straight table chart. If there is only one dimension in the chart, or if the TOTAL qualifier is specified, the expression evaluates across full table.
Information noteIf the table or table equivalent has multiple vertical dimensions, the current column segment will include only rows with the same values as the current row in all dimension columns, except for the column showing the last dimension in the inter-field sort order.


  • Recursive calls will return NULL.

  • Sorting on y-values in charts or sorting by expression columns in tables is not allowed when this chart function is used in any of the chart's expressions. These sort alternatives are therefore automatically disabled. When you use this chart function in a visualization or table, the sorting of the visualization will revert back to the sorted input to this function.

Examples and results:  

Example 1:  

Table visualization for Example 1

Table visualization for Example 1.

In the table shown in screenshot for Example 1, the table visualization is created from the dimension Customer and the measures: Sum(Sales) and Below(Sum(Sales)).

The column Below(Sum(Sales)) returns NULL for the Customer row containing Divadip, because there is no row below it. The result for the row Canutility shows the value of Sum(Sales) for Divadip, the result for Betacab shows the value for Sum(Sales) for Canutility, and so on.

The table also shows more complex measures, which you can see in the columns labeled: Sum(Sales)+Below(Sum(Sales)), Below +Offset 3, and Higher?. These expressions work as described in the following paragraphs.

For the column labeled Sum(Sales)+Below(Sum(Sales)), the row for Astrida shows the result of the addition of the Sum(Sales) values for the rows Betacab + Astrida (539+587). The result for the row Betacab shows the result of the addition of Sum(Sales) values for Canutility + Betacab (539+683).

The measure labeled Below +Offset 3 created using the expression Sum(Sales)+Below(Sum(Sales), 3) has the argument offset, set to 3, and has the effect of taking the value in the row three rows below the current row. It adds the Sum(Sales) value for the current Customer to the value from the Customer three rows below. The values for the lowest three Customer rows are null.

The measure labeled Higher? is created from the expression:IF(Sum(Sales)>Below(Sum(Sales)), 'Higher'). This compares the values of the current row in the measure Sum(Sales) with the row below it. If the current row is a greater value, the text "Higher" is output.

Tip noteThis function can also be used in charts other than tables, for example bar charts.
Tip noteFor other chart types, convert the chart to the straight table equivalent so you can easily interpret which row the function relates to.

For charts with more than one dimension, the results of expressions containing the Above, Below, Top, and Bottom functions depend on the order in which the column dimensions are sorted by Qlik Sense. Qlik Sense evaluates the functions based on the column segments that result from the dimension that is sorted last. The column sort order is controlled in the properties panel under Sorting and is not necessarily the order in which the columns appear in a table.Please refer to Example: 2 in the Above function for further details.

Example 2

Example 2:  


The Below function can be used as input to the range functions. For example: RangeAvg (Below(Sum(Sales),1,3)).

In the arguments for the Below() function, offset is set to 1 and count is set to 3. The function finds the results of the expressionSum(Sales) on the three rows immediately below the current row in the column segment (where there is a row). These three values are used as input to the RangeAvg() function, which finds the average of the values in the supplied range of numbers.

A table with Customer as dimension gives the following results for the RangeAvg() expression.










Data used in examples:

Monthnames: LOAD *, Dual(MonthText,MonthNumber) as Month INLINE [ MonthText, MonthNumber Jan, 1 Feb, 2 Mar, 3 Apr, 4 May, 5 Jun, 6 Jul, 7 Aug, 8 Sep, 9 Oct, 10 Nov, 11 Dec, 12 ]; Sales2013: Crosstable (MonthText, Sales) LOAD * inline [ Customer|Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec Astrida|46|60|70|13|78|20|45|65|78|12|78|22 Betacab|65|56|22|79|12|56|45|24|32|78|55|15 Canutility|77|68|34|91|24|68|57|36|44|90|67|27 Divadip|57|36|44|90|67|27|57|68|47|90|80|94 ] (delimiter is '|');

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