English QlikView 12.10

Hierarchy

The hierarchy prefix is used to transform a parent-child hierarchy table to a table that is useful in a QlikView data model. It can be put in front of a LOAD or a SELECT statement and will use the result of the loading statement as input for a table transformation.

The prefix creates an expanded nodes table, which normally has the same number of records as the input table, but in addition each level in the hierarchy is stored in a separate field. The path field can be used in a tree structure.

Syntax:  

Hierarchy (NodeID, ParentID, NodeName, [ParentName], [PathSource], [PathName], [PathDelimiter], [Depth])(loadstatement | selectstatement) 

The input table must be an adjacent nodes table. Adjacent nodes tables are tables where each record corresponds to a node and has a field that contains a reference to the parent node. In such a table the node is stored on one record only but the node can still have any number of children. The table may of course contain additional fields describing attributes for the nodes.

Usually the input table has exactly one record per node and in such a case the output table will contain the same number of records. However, sometimes there are nodes with multiple parents, i.e. one node is represented by several records in the input table. If so, the output table may have more records than the input table.

All nodes with a parent id not found in the node id column (including nodes with missing parent id) will be considered as roots. Also, only nodes with a connection to a root node - direct or indirect - will be loaded, thus avoiding circular references.

Additional fields containing the name of the parent node, the path of the node and the depth of the node can be created.

Arguments:  

Argument Description
NodeID The name of the field that contains the node id. This field must exist in the input table.
ParentID The name of the field that contains the node id of the parent node. This field must exist in the input table.
NodeName The name of the field that contains the name of the node. This field must exist in the input table.
ParentName A string used to name the new ParentName field. If omitted, this field will not be created.
ParentSource The name of the field that contains the name of the node used to build the node path. Optional parameter. If omitted, NodeName will be used.
PathName A string used to name the new Path field, which contains the path from the root to the node. Optional parameter. If omitted, this field will not be created.
PathDelimiter A string used as delimiter in the new Path field. Optional parameter. If omitted, ‘/’ will be used.
Depth A string used to name the new Depth field, which contains the depth of the node in the hierarchy. Optional parameter. If omitted, this field will not be created.

Example:  

Hierarchy(NodeID, ParentID, NodeName, ParentName, NodeName, PathName, '\', Depth) LOAD * inline [

NodeID, ParentID, NodeName

1, 4, London

2, 3, Munich

3, 5, Germany

4, 5, UK

5, , Europe

];

Result:

NodeID NodeName ParentID ParentName NodeName1 NodeName2 NodeName3 PathName Depth
5 Europe   - Europe - - Europe 1
3 Germany 5 Europe Europe Germany - Europe\Germany 2
2 Munich 3 Germany Europe Germany Munich Europe\Germany\Munich 3
4 UK 5 Europe Europe UK - Europe\UK 2
1 London 4 UK Europe UK London Europe\UK\London 3

See also: